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Most bubonic plague cases are spread through mice, but plague bacteria in China are spread by marmuts.
- A warning was issued recently after a case of bubonic plague surfaced in Inner Mongolia, China
- The government of Mongolia has issued an alert appealing people not to eat marmut
The scope of bubonic plague, which began in Inner Mongolia, China, is growing rapidly. Now a 15-year-old boy has died in West Mongolia due to the plague. All 15 people who come in contact with the boy are quarantined and are being given antibiotics. At the same time, a report of a squirrel in the US Colorado has also come positive.
China’s Ministry of Health has confirmed this. According to ministry spokesperson Nargarell Dorge, two other boys who ate the marmut are undergoing treatment. According to the statement issued by the ministry, everyone has been asked to quarantine in Gobi-Altai province after the matter came to light. The government of Mongolia has issued an alert appealing people not to eat marmut. According to the Chinese news agency Xinhua, the condition of another patient infected with bubonic plague is improving.
The bacteria of the bubonic plague are mostly spread through mice, but in China this squirrel-like organism is spread through the marmut. This organism is mostly found in Mongolia and North Asia. In November 2019, there were 4 cases in which 2 dangerous strains of plague were found. This was called the pneumonic plague. A similar plague spread in Surat in Gujarat in September 1994.
6 points: What is the bubonic plague and how it spreads
# 1) What is bubonic plague / black death?
According to the World Health Organization, it is an infectious disease spread by a bacterium called Yersinia pestis. This bacterium is found in the parasitic flea sticking in the rat body. If the infection becomes more, then this disease becomes fatal.
Plague is of two types – pneumonic and bubonic. Commonly occurring plague is called bubonic plague, but when its bacteria reaches the lungs, the condition becomes serious, this condition is called pneumonic plague.
# 2) How does the infection spread in the body?
According to the WHO, plague disease is caused by germs on the body of mice. The risk of infection increases when mice are around. Plague bacterial infections can also occur in people exposed to the breath and sputum of the plague. After reaching the body, the Yersinia pestis bacteria live in the lymphatic system in the body and increase their numbers here. There is swelling and pain in the lymph node, this condition is called bubo.
# 3) How to identify and cope with the plague?
Some of it is like corona. Plague disease may take one to seven days to develop. During this period, symptoms like fever, chills, full body pain, weakness, vomiting.
# 4) How much risk of death in the plague?
The risk of death in bubonic plague varies from 30 to 60 percent, while in the case of pneumonic plague, death may occur if untreated. In both cases, if treatment starts within 24 hours of symptoms, then recovery can be faster. Plague can be treated effectively with medicines such as streptomycin and tetracycline.
# 5) Does this bacteria spread from person to person?
Spreads from droplets from one infected human to another only when pneumonic plague occurs. Antibiotics are given to the patient as a treatment.
# 6) Is there a risk of plague spreading from the body of the deceased?
Even after the death of the patient, there is a risk of infection when his body comes in contact. As long as liquid (liquid) is present in the body of the deceased, the bacteria can spread the infection.